A foil is a character that serves as a contrast to another. (Handbook to Literature)
A character that serves as a double of a character. A doppelgänger will often have foil qualities as well.
Foil Writing Exercise
Choose a character from a work you are revising. Open a new document and write a scene in which the character meets her/his foil. As you write this scene, let it go where it wants to go regardless of the main narrative. If you find that it takes a different direction, consider whether or not this should be incorporated into the main narrative. Essentially, let the foil writing exercise of your character guide you in your revision of the work. Like looking yourself in the mirror, facing yourself, the foil is one of the best ways to really know your character.
Wait until your written the first full draft of your work before doing this foil exercise. First drafts are where you work out the tendrils of your work and “meet” your characters. Be the end of the first draft, you’ll know enough to further explore the character in a foil exercise.
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